What’s the best pre-workout?
The number of times this question has been asked is simply dizzying. Fitness-oriented individuals are constantly searching for the “best” pre-workout available, and who can blame them?
99% of the so-called “pre-workout” supplements on the market are nothing more than glorified stimulant cocktails that skyrocket your heart rate but do next to nothing for actually improving your performance during training, which is the whole purpose of pre-workouts.
Fed up with the current state of the pre-workout market, SteelFit sought to make a real pre-workout, a pre-workout that actually improved your ability to perform and attain new feats of strength and power.
The culmination of countless hours of research, development, and testing led to the creation of Steel Pump.
What is Steel Pump?
Steel Pump is the complete pre-workout supplement, delivering on every aspect of what pre-workouts should — energy, focus, performance, and pumps. Using a synergistic blend of energy boosters, focus aids, and performance enhancers, Steel Pump helps push your training capacity to the next level, helping you to continually break PRs and make gains.
Why is Steel Pump Better?
Unlike other pre-workouts which used under dosed proprietary blends or provide only a cocktail of potentially dangerous stimulants, Steel Pump utilizes an open-label, so you know exactly what you’re putting into your body each and every time.
Steel Pump delivers clean, long-lasting energy that hypes you up for workouts, but never leaves you feeling jittery, overstimulated or on edge. But, Steel Pump isn’t just about energy and focus, it also provides a full spectrum of performance enhancing compounds that support strength, power, endurance, and pumps, delivering EVERYTHING a true pre-workout should.
After you’ve tried Steel Pump, you realize what a true pre-workout is, and never waste money again on a bargain bin, “concentrated”, micro-dosed pre-workout ever again!
What’s in Steel Pump?
L-Citrulline Malate (3g)
A staple of pre-workouts, citrulline malate is a premium nitric oxide boosting supplement. Composed of the amino acid L-Citrulline and malic acid (malate), citrulline malate promotes vasodilation and greater blood flow, which improves training capacity, but also delivers massive muscle pumps. [1,2] L-Citrulline also plays a key role in the Krebs (TCA) Cycle, which supports energy production, allowing you to “go the distance” in your training sessions.
Betaine Anhydrous (2g)
Originally isolated from beets, betaine is an amino acid that’s become another “proven commodity” of pre-workouts in recent years due to its wide range of benefits. First, betaine promotes cellular hydration (which increases stamina) due to its role as an osmolyte.  Additionally, betaine also has been shown numerous times to enhance power, strength, and body composition and supports endogenous creatine production in the body.  Some other research suggests that it may also support faster recovery too!
Beta Alanine (1.6g)
At the outset of a workout, performance, stamina, and strength are at their highest, but the deeper you get into a workout, stress and fatigue accumulate, zapping your endurance and power.
That’s where beta-alanine comes into play.
Beta-alanine is a naturally occurring nonessential amino acid improves muscle buffering capacity by increasing levels of carnosine, a powerful intracellular buffer. [5,6,7] These buffering actions delay the onset of fatigue during training enabling you to stay stronger for longer during your workouts.
Peak ATP® (450mg)
Peak ATP is clinically validated, patented form of Adenosine 5’-Triphosphate (ATP) Disodium proven to significantly increase strength and power as well as improve body composition.  On top of that, Peak ATP also enhances blood flow, accelerates recovery, and reduces fatigue, all of which help you train longer to get bigger and stronger. [9,10]
KSM-66® Ashwagandha (300mg)
The premier form of ashwagandha extract on the market, KSM-66 is a powerful adaptogen that improves the body’s ability to handle the stress of all forms — physical, emotional, and psychological. KSM-66 has been studied numerous times and shown to not only reduce stress but also to improve memory and cognition as well as athletic performance and sexual performance! [11,12,13]
Grape Seed Extract (200mg)
Grape seeds are chock full of potent polyphenols and antioxidants that combat oxidative stress induced by intense physical activity. Moreover, the compounds naturally present in grape seeds also improves the metabolism of pyruvate  which enhances carbohydrate metabolism and subsequently anaerobic energy production. But that’s not all, the proanthocyanidins in grape seed extract also encourage vasodilation and vasorelaxation, supporting better blood flow, oxygen delivery, performance, and pumps! [15,16]
Found in every cell in the body, glutathione is an incredibly powerful antioxidant that supports liver health and immune system function.  Deficiencies in this essential nutrient reduce performance, muscle growth, and recovery.
MCT Oil (1g)
Medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) are a type of saturated fatty acid that the body readily “burns for energy” similar to carbohydrate. MCTs provide a quick form of energy to power your mind and muscles leading to greater performance and focus during exercise. 
Caffeine Anhydrous (300mg)
To give you the energy, motivation, and focus you need for intense training sessions, Steel Pump includes 300mg of pure caffeine anhydrous. This surge in raw energy fortifies your mind and muscles for the daunting workout ahead and helps you stay strong all workout long.
Naturally occurring in green tea, L-Theanine is an amino acid that promotes a sense of calm, relaxed focused, without inducing sedation.  When combined with caffeine, the two promote clean, long-lasting focus absent the jitters, anxiety, or overstimulation that can occur when taking too much caffeine by itself. 
Alpha GPC (150mg)
Choline supplements are a staple of pre-workout formulas due to their ability to enhance focus via increasing acetylcholine levels. Acetylcholine is often called “the learning neurotransmitter” for its vital role in learning, memory, and cognition. With greater levels of acetylcholine, you’ll experience true tunnel vision focus as well as a considerable stronger mind-muscle connection — one of the most important facets of exercise. Steel Pump includes 150mg of Alpha GPC, an incredibly bioavailable form of choline that has been well-documented to improve memory, focus, and even strength. [21,22]
- Glenn JM, Gray M, Wethington LN, Stone MS, Stewart RWJ, Moyen NE. Acute citrulline malate supplementation improves upper- and lower-body submaximal weightlifting exercise performance in resistance-trained females. Eur J Nutr. 2017;56(2):775-784. doi:10.1007/s00394-015-1124-6
- Perez-Guisado J, Jakeman PM. Citrulline malate enhances athletic anaerobic performance and relieves muscle soreness. J strength Cond Res. 2010;24(5):1215-1222. doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181cb28e0
- Lee EC, Maresh CM, Kraemer WJ, et al. Ergogenic effects of betaine supplementation on strength and power performance. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 2010;7:27. doi:10.1186/1550-2783-7-27.
- Trepanowski JF, Farney TM, McCarthy CG, Schilling BK, Craig SA, Bloomer RJ. The effects of chronic betaine supplementation on exercise performance, skeletal muscle oxygen saturation and associated biochemical parameters in resistance trained men. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25. doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e318217d48d.
- Roger C. Harris; et al.; “The effect of a supplement containing β-alanine on muscle carnosine synthesis, ventilatory threshold and exercise capacity in Korean cyclists, during 12 weeks combined endurance and weight training“
- Hill, CA et al.; Amino Acids; “Influence of beta-alanine supplementation on skeletal muscle carnosine concentrations and high intensity cycling capacity ;” February 2007
- Kendrick IP, et al. The effects of 10 weeks of resistance training combined with beta-alanine supplementation on whole body strength, force production, muscular endurance and body composition. Amino Acids. (2008)
- Rathmacher JA, et al. Adenosine-5’-triphosphate (ATP) supplementation improves low peak muscle torque and torque fatigue during repeated high intensity exercise sets. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 2012, 9:48.
- Wilson JM, et al. Effects of oral adenosine-5’-triphosphate supplementation on athletic performance, skeletal muscle hypertrophy and recovery in resistance-trained men. Nutrition and Metabolism. 2013, 10:57.
- Lowery RP, et al. Oral ATP administration improves blood flow responses to exercise in both animal and human training models. Presented at 10th Annual ISSN Conference. Colorado Springs, CO. June 2013.
- Chandrasekhar K, Kapoor J, Anishetty S. A Prospective, Randomized Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Safety and Efficacy of a High-Concentration Full-Spectrum Extract of Ashwagandha Root in Reducing Stress and Anxiety in Adults. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine. 2012;34(3):255-262. doi:10.4103/0253-7176.106022.
- Choudhary D, Bhattacharyya S, Bose S. Efficacy and Safety of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal) Root Extract in Improving Memory and Cognitive Functions. J Diet Suppl. 2017;14(6):599-612. doi:10.1080/19390211.2017.1284970
- Wankhede S, Langade D, Joshi K, Sinha SR, Bhattacharyya S. Examining the effect of Withania somnifera supplementation on muscle strength and recovery: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 2015;12:43. doi:10.1186/s12970-015-0104-9.
- Pajuelo D, Quesada H, Diaz S, et al. Chronic dietary supplementation of proanthocyanidins corrects the mitochondrial dysfunction of brown adipose tissue caused by diet-induced obesity in Wistar rats. Br J Nutr. 2012;107(2):170-178. doi:10.1017/S0007114511002728
- Park E, Edirisinghe I, Choy YY, Waterhouse A, Burton-Freeman B. Effects of grape seed extract beverage on blood pressure and metabolic indices in individuals with pre-hypertension: a randomised, double-blinded, two-arm, parallel, placebo-controlled trial. Br J Nutr. 2016;115(2):226-238. doi:10.1017/S0007114515004328
- Clifton PM. Effect of Grape Seed Extract and Quercetin on Cardiovascular and Endothelial Parameters in High-Risk Subjects. Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 2004;2004(5):272-278. doi:10.1155/S1110724304403088.
- Allen J, Bradley RD. Effects of Oral Glutathione Supplementation on Systemic Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in Human Volunteers. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2011;17(9):827-833. doi:10.1089/acm.2010.0716.
- Wang Y, Liu Z, Han Y, Xu J, Huang W, Li Z. Medium Chain Triglycerides enhances exercise endurance through the increased mitochondrial biogenesis and metabolism. Lu T, ed. PLoS ONE. 2018;13(2):e0191182. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0191182.
- Haskell CF, Kennedy DO, Milne AL, Wesnes KA, Scholey AB. The effects of L-theanine, caffeine and their combination on cognition and mood. Biol Psychol. 2008;77(2):113-122. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2007.09.008
- Owen GN, Parnell H, De Bruin EA, Rycroft JA. The combined effects of L-theanine and caffeine on cognitive performance and mood. Nutr Neurosci. 2008;11(4):193-198. doi:10.1179/147683008X301513
- Canal N, Franceschi M, Alberoni M, Castiglioni C, De Moliner P, Longoni A. Effect of L-alpha-glyceryl-phosphorylcholine on amnesia caused by scopolamine. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol. 1991;29(3):103-107.
- Ziegenfuss T, Landis J, Hofheins J. Acute supplementation with alpha-glycerylphosphorylcholine augments GH response to, and peak force production during, resistance exercise. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2008;5(1):P15. doi:10.1186/1550-2783-5-S1-P15
Adenosine 5′-Triphosphate Disodium (PEAK ATP®)
A clinically validated and patented form of Adenosine 5′-Triphosphate (ATP) Disodium shown to significantly increase strength and power, aid in recovery, reduce fatigue and improve blood flow.
ATP is our body’s natural energy currency. According to researchers from the University of Leeds, the human body has an ATP pool of just 250g, which is approximately the amount of energy equivalent to a single AA battery. ATP is being constantly used and regenerated in cells via a process known as respiration, which is driven by natural catalysts called enzymes. Each day the human body turns over as much ATP as its own body weight.
PEAK ATP® helps to optimize athletic performance through three distinct mechanisms of action: 1) ATP increases muscular excitability resulting in significant gains in strength and power, 2) ATP increases blood flow, resulting in improved oxygen and nutrient delivery to the muscle and 3) ATP is involved in anabolic signaling, resulting in increased lean body mass and muscle thickness.*
What is Muscular Excitability?
Muscular excitability refers to the ability to activate muscle, thereby causing it to contract. The greater the excitability of the muscle the greater its force, velocity, and endurance properties will be. Muscle is excited by the release of calcium into the cell. Calcium serves as the trigger for contraction. Peak ATP® works by increasing and sustaining the amount of calcium available to the muscle, which boosts muscular excitability. The result is the athlete will lift greater weights and produce a greater number of repetitions per set.
How does Peak ATP® Improve Blood Flow?
Red blood cells release ATP into the blood when muscles are fatigued, causing vasodilation to occur. PEAK ATP® supplementation increases the amount of ATP available in red blood cells. As a result of more ATP being available, significant increases in blood flow, oxygen delivery and clearance of metabolic waste products such as lactate are obtained.
Key Benefits of Peak ATP®: Increase Total Strength Increase Vertical Jump Power Increase Lean Body Mass Increase Muscle Thickness Improve Blood Flow Reduce Muscle Fatigue
Ashwagandha Root Standardized Extract (Withania Somnifera ) (5% withanolides) (KSM-66®)
Ashwagandha, also known as Withania Somnifera or Indian Ginseng, is a powerful adaptogen that promotes balance in the body. KSM-66® Ashwagandha is the highest-quality ashwagandha extract on the world market today and has been clinically proven to reduce stress, improve memory and cognition, improve sexual performance, enhance sports performance and control weight management.
Stress and Anxiety:A reduction in cortisol and stress may lead to less visceral/abdominal fat accumulation.Helps Reduce StressHelps Promote a Healthy Response to Everyday Stress, Overwork and FatiguePromotes Relaxation Without DrowsinessHelps Improve the Quality of SleepHelps Maintain Normal Cortisol Levels to Promote a Healthy Response to Everyday StressHelps in Calming Down and Relaxation of Body and Mind
Memory and Cognition:Helps Improve Learning Performance and ConcentrationHelps Maintain Mental Alertness When Experiencing Fatigue or DrowsinessHelps Promote Mental Clarity, Concentration and AlertnessAs a GABA-mimetic agent, ashwagandha can decrease over-firing of neurons and increase the ability of the body to ignore distracting stimuli and improve executive function.Helps Enhance Mental FocusHelps Promote Mental Sharpness
Sexual Performance:Helps Arouse Sexual DesireHelps Maintain Sexual Vigor and PerformanceHelps the Body Maintain Healthy Levels of Free Testosterone in MenPromotes Overall Well Being and Hormonal HealthEnhances Sexual Function
Sports Function:Helps Boost StaminaAthletes taking KSM-66 showed substantially higher improvements in VO2 MaxHelps Increase Muscle Size and Enhance Muscle Tone in MenThe effect of KSM-66 Ashwagandha at 300 mg/day for 8 weeks is such: 8.1% muscle growth in thigh, 17.1% in arms, 3.3% in chest.Helps to Maintain Balanced Energy Levels for Physical Performance and EnduranceHelps Enhance Sports PerformanceHelps Increase Muscle Strength in MenThe effect of KSM-66 Ashwagandha at 300 mg/day for 8 weeks is such: 138.7% increase in muscle strength during bench press and 52% increase during leg extension.Helps Enhance the Rate of Muscle Recovery in Men
Weight Management:Helps to Enhance Overall Body Composition when Used as Part of a Healthy Diet and Exercise ProgramThe effect of KSM-66 Ashwagandha at 300 mg/day for 8 weeks is such: 19.1% Reduction in Average Body FatHelps Maintain Normal Weight by Reducing Stress Induced Over EatingHelps Control Stress-Related Food CravingsHelps Support Healthy Weight Management
A non-essential amino acid, playing a key role in the Urea Cycle, which is the process whereby the body eliminates toxic byproducts of digesting protein and generating cellular energy.
L-Citrulline Malate serves as an important component in the tricarboxylic (or TCA) cycle, which is one way your body produces energy. When you increase malate levels, you increase energy production. Therefore, citrulline malate provides the one-two punch of bringing additional blood-and subsequently, oxygen and nutrients-to exercising muscles, as well as providing increased energy to boost performance levels.
L-Citrulline Malate also helps your body to reduce fatigue and maintain power as well as helping your body to metabolize protein and nitrogen which relaxes blood vessels and promotes circulation, resulting in an increase in NO production while reducing fatigue and preserving strength and power output during exercise.
Studies show L-Citrulline Malate helps your body better deal with the exercise-induced uptick in free radical production by priming immune cells and reducing the number of free radicals produced while working out.
Benefits of L-Citrulline Malate: Improved Circulation Bigger Pumps More Muscle Endurance Higher Energy and Less Fatigue Decreased Muscle Soreness
Betaine Anhydrous (Trimethylglycine)
A non-essential amino acid derived from beets that aids in joint and liver repair, joint building, and liver protection. Studies show that it boosts strength and power, increases IGF-1 levels, and even acts like the body’s own production of creatine. Research suggests that it may also support faster recovery from injury and inflammation.
Benefits of Betaine: Betaine helps make sure your cells have the right amount of water, especially under the stress you’re about to put on them.
Betaine in Pre-Workouts Betaine participates in a mitochondrial biochemical pathway called the methionine cycle. A byproduct of this cycle, called S-adenosylmethionine (SAM, for short), is involved in a wide range of reactions that produce vital biomolecules including proteins, hormones (such as adrenaline), phospholipids, polyamines, and nutrients (such as creatine and carnitine).5 Sufficient availability of these biomolecules could improve your workout performance, and your results. Betaine plays a role in improving the body’s ability to use creatine. Creatine is an amino acid that increases muscle strength and size, improves recovery and sprint performance, and enhances brain function. Some researchers think betaine may play a role in the production of IGF-1.
A non-essential amino acid that is produced naturally in the liver. It improves muscle buffering capacity, delaying the onset of fatigue during anaerobic exercise.
Beta-alanine combines with the amino acid histidine in muscle cells to form carnosine. Having higher levels of carnosine increases performance by increasing the muscle’s buffering capacity of hydrogen (H+) ions. These are produced when lactic acid levels rise during intense exercise, such as weight training.
That lactic acid breaks down into hydrogen ions. When there are a lot of hydrogen ions in the muscle, it increases the acidity of the muscle. When the acidity increases, your ability to contract the muscle decreases. The muscle loses the ability to contract with a force, and it loses endurance. So, by buffering these hydrogen ions, carnosine keeps your muscles contracting stronger for longer.
Beta-alanine also has some benefits that are separate from those of carnosine. Because of its structure, beta-alanine is now being recognized in the lab as a neurotransmitter, which means that it increases nerve firing in the central nervous system. This is one reason why many people experience a boost in alertness and energy from beta-alanine that is weaker than but similar to caffeine.
This is just one reason why it’s a good idea to take beta-alanine before workouts and why it is found in numerous pre-workout products. It’s also the reason why beta-alanine often causes that prickling sensation or “pins and needles” feeling in the skin-known as paresthesia. This feeling is completely normal and harmless, and increases with higher
Benefits of Beta-Alanine: Beta-Alanine increases the concentration of carnosine in muscles. Carnosine scavenges reactive oxygen species, acting as a potent buffer against fatigue toxin production in working muscles. Reduced fatigue toxin production allows muscles to perform more reps, more sets and do more work before fatiguing.
Grape Seed Extract (Vitis Vinifera) (95% Proanthocyanidins)
A potent antioxidant that directly helps the structural integrity of collagen anywhere in your body as well as the structure of your brain networks. It also helps to sustain optimal energy production and calorie burning. Grape Seed Extract improves the metabolism of pyruvate, a sugar-breakdown product, thereby improving carbohydrate metabolism. Pyruvate metabolism becomes very important once muscles no longer maintain optimal aerobic energy production and begin switching to anaerobic energy production.
Grape Seed Extract contains a natural component called proanthocyanidolic oligomers, which helps sore muscles recover faster and inhibit inflammation.
Grape Seed Extract contains polyphenols which act as antioxidants. During exercise, free radical formation can result in excessive muscle damage that can impede performance and recovery. Antioxidants helps to neutralize free radicals, which may help reduce muscle damage while maintaining strength.
Benefits of Grape Seed Extract: Improved Circulation Increase in Calorie Burning More Muscle Endurance Nourish Organs and Muscles, helping them to work more efficiently Enhances Physical Endurance
A tri-peptide comprised from one amino acid of glutamic acid, cysteine and glycine. Glutathione is found and manufactured in every cell in the body but is found in highest concentrations in the heart, muscle tissue and the liver. Glutathione is essential for immune system function and muscle growth, and any athlete who is glutathione deficient will suffer from decreased performance and a lack of muscle growth.
Glutathione is an important antioxidant and plays a major role in the detoxification of endogenous metabolic products. Glutathione acts as a powerful antioxidant to preserve and protect the brain and other body tissues by protecting them from the damage of free radicals. It has been shown is some mammalian cell types, that glutathione and nitric oxide activity are linked. This suggests that glutathione may play an important role in protection against oxidative reaction of nitric oxide, thus contributing to the sustained release of nitric oxide. Therefore, combining L-citrulline with glutathione may augment the production of NO.
Researchers had 60-resistance-trained males randomly assigned to receive supplements containing L-citrulline only (2 g/day), glutathione only (1 g/day), a combination of the two (L-citrulline at 2 g/day and glutathione at 200 mg/day), or a placebo for seven days. After the week of supplementation, the men then underwent a resistance exercise session. At the end of the study, men in the combination group had significantly higher nitrite and nitric oxide at 30 min post-exercise, compared with the placebo group. In addition, a there were small increases in cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) after citrulline and glutathione supplementation. Intracellular cGMP serves as a cellular messenger and plays a role in a variety of biological processes, and in human blood vessels, results in vasodilation. The data suggest that oral supplementation of L-citrulline combined with glutathione provides an augmenting effect on plasma nitric oxide. The present study suggests that the oral supplementation of L-citrulline combined with glutathione increases nitric oxide. Therefore, glutathione may play an important role in protection against oxidative reaction of nitric oxide, thus contributing to the sustained release of nitric oxide.
Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCT) Powder (Coconut Oil)
A form of saturated fatty acid that has numerous health benefits, ranging from improved cognitive function to better weight management. MCTs are burned by the body for energy, or “fuel,” instead of being stored as fat.
Capable of Helping You: Raise Metabolic Function Have More Energy Think More Clearly Improve Your Mood
Benefits of MCT Oil: Help you train harder, longer (especially during a low carbohydrate diet) Boost Brainpower MCTs can prevent muscle loss
One of the most commonly used stimulants among athletes. It provides stimulation of the central nervous system to support alertness and energy during a workout and can support strength for some during resistance exercise.
Caffeine helps to reduce fatigue, improve concentration and increase physical performance. In particular, it reduces sedation and relaxation by inhibiting the production of Adenosine, the chemical associate with sleep. This results in an increase in wakefulness, focus, better body coordination and can increase performance in cardiovascular and anaerobic exercise.
Caffeine crosses the blood-brain barrier easily, making it a very psychoactive substance. Inside the brain, caffeine counteracts the substance adenosine. Adenosine is responsible for inhibiting nervous system activity. Caffeine binds to the adenosine receptors and essentially stops adenosine from putting the brakes on neural activity.
In general, users of caffeine have more energy, more alertness and less fatigue. Athletes can benefit from these effects and more.
Using pre-workout supplements is a smart way to ensure you get the right nutrients and supplements into your body at the right time. Athletes around the world use caffeine anhydrous and caffeine supplements to improve performance and accelerate results. The most common positive effects are increased fat loss, elongated muscular performance, and enhanced recovery. Increased Fat Loss: Since caffeine increases overall energy output, it has a positive effect on the metabolic system. It increases the release of fat into the bloodstream and helps your body burn it faster. The effects can be magnified when combined with exercise since your body will be primed for fat loss. Muscular Endurance: For aerobic activities like cycling or running, caffeine improves endurance. This seems to be a result of both the inhibition of adenosine and also the glucose sparing effect caffeine has on muscles. By increasing fat oxidation, caffeine prevents the body from using intramuscular glucose as the initial energy source so the stored energy can be reserved for later. It is believed that caffeine helps with perceived effort and exertion, so it essentially makes exercise feel easier! Muscular Strength and Power: Caffeine isn’t only effective for distance-oriented athletes, it’s a great tool for weightlifting and other anaerobic activities as well. A study was performed on 18 male athletes who were given either caffeine or a placebo before performing chest press, leg press, or Wingate test. The group given caffeine lifted significantly more weight in the chest press and achieved more power in the Wingate test. Faster Recovery: As anyone that’s ever exercised knows, doing a new type of exercise or coming back after a break can be painful the next day, so faster recovery is crucial. For experienced athletes, recovery is even more important since an event or entire career can depend on muscles being fully healed and at optimal performance at the right time. A study performed at the University of Georgia tested the post-workout pain felt by a sample of volunteers. The group given the caffeine had 48% less pain than the placebo group.
A non-dietary amino acid that has the ability to increase the concentration of glycogen in the liver, which is used as fuel when you work out. It also increases nitric oxide production, which in turn improves blood flow and oxygen delivery to your muscles.
Supplementing Theanine and Caffeine has been suggested to narrow focus and enhance attention. This co supplementation has also been suggested to improve reaction time.
Benefits of L-Theanine: Increased Alertness, Reduced Tiredness and Less Mental Fatigue. Can cross the blood-brain barrier, which means it’s able to affect brain chemistry and function.
How L-Theanine Improves Exercise Performance: L-Theanine has the ability to increase the concentration of glycogen in the liver, which is used as fuel when you work out. It also increases nitric oxide production, which in turn improves blood flow and oxygen delivery to your muscles.
Alpha GPC (L-Alpha Glycerylphosphorylcholine)
A naturally-occurring compound that contains choline, an essential nutrient with a wide range of roles in human health. Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter involved in memory function, neuro-muscular interaction, and other processes. Higher acetylcholine levels allow the brain to function more efficiently which leads to intense focus and concentration, improving mind-muscle connection.
Benefits of Alpha GPC: Motor Nerves fire quicker and with better synchronicity, allowing for stronger, more explosive muscle contracts. Higher acetylcholine levels allow the brain to function more efficiently. Leads to intense focus and concentration, improving mind-muscle connection. Acts as a source of the pump boosting glycerol. Derived from soy lecithin, Alpha-GPC increases GH production by inhibiting a brain chemical that normally blocks it.
Electrolytes are minerals present in the body that have an electric charge. They are especially relevant to exercise because they control how much water the body has, blood acidity, and muscle function. Electrolytes are lost in sweat, which explains why intense exercise can lead to problems such as dehydration.
Magnesium: Magnesium is an essential muscle nutrient that is partially responsible for cellular hydration. MGG is an advanced form of glutamine combines glutamine, magnesium and glycine with clinical data demonstrating superior stability and increased plasma glutamine levels in the blood. This in turn leads to both enhanced conservation and promotion of muscle mass and muscle regeneration in stressful environments.
Potassium: Potassium, along with sodium and calcium, functions as an electrolyte, which means that it balances the amount of fluid in the body and transmits the tiny electrical nerve impulses. Its role in transmitting electrical impulses gives potassium an important role in muscle contractions.
Sodium: Your nervous system communicates with your muscles through structures called neuromuscular junctions, and the activation of a nerve triggers muscle contraction. Sodium and potassium help your nerve cells send electrical signals, called action potentials, that signal for your muscles to contract.